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The Unique Flag of Nepal: A Journey Through History and Fascinating Facts

A mountain with a few buildings


The flag of Nepal stands out from the rest, being the only non-rectangular national flag in the world. Its distinct design, rich history, and symbolic significance make it an intriguing subject. In this article, we will explore the history of Nepal's flag, uncover its curious facts, and delve into the meaning behind its unique design.

A Brief History of Nepal's Flag

The current flag of Nepal has its roots in the 18th and 19th centuries when the country was unified under the rule of Prithvi Narayan Shah. Before the unification, various regions and kingdoms within Nepal had their own flags, which were eventually replaced by a single national flag.

The present design of the flag was officially adopted on December 16, 1962, along with the implementation of a new constitution. However, the flag's design can be traced back to the 19th century, when the double-pennant shape was already in use, albeit with different symbols.

The Unique Design and Symbolism

Nepal's flag consists of two overlapping crimson red pennants with a blue border. The red color represents bravery and victory in battle, while the blue border symbolizes peace and harmony. The unique double-pennant design is said to represent the peaks of the Himalayas, which play an essential role in the country's geography and culture.

The upper pennant features a stylized moon with eight rays and a crescent, symbolizing the royal house and the longevity of the nation. The moon is also believed to represent the calm and soothing nature of the Nepali people.

The lower pennant displays a white, twelve-pointed sun, signifying the Rana dynasty, which ruled Nepal from 1846 to 1951. The sun symbolizes the fierceness of the Nepali people and their determination to persevere through difficult times.

Curious Facts About Nepal's Flag

  1. Mathematical precision: The design of the flag is guided by precise mathematical rules that dictate the dimensions and proportions of its elements. The flag's construction is described in detail in Nepal's constitution, with specific measurements and ratios provided for each part of the design.

  2. The only non-rectangular flag: As mentioned earlier, Nepal's flag is the only national flag with a non-rectangular shape. This unique design sets it apart from all other flags, making it instantly recognizable.

  3. A source of national pride: The flag of Nepal is a significant source of national pride for the Nepali people. It is displayed prominently during national celebrations, festivals, and other events, symbolizing the unity and identity of the nation.

  4. Attempts at change: In the early 1960s, there were proposals to change the flag's design to a more conventional rectangular shape. However, these suggestions were met with strong opposition from the Nepali people, who felt that the unique design was an essential aspect of their national identity.


The flag of Nepal, with its distinct double-pennant design and rich symbolism, is a remarkable representation of the country's history, culture, and national pride. Its uniqueness not only sets it apart from other flags but also reflects the resilience and determination of the Nepali people. The flag's fascinating history and curious facts make it a captivating subject for both vexillologists and anyone interested in learning more about the diverse and intriguing world of national flags.